The Cullinan Diamond is one of the largest and most famous diamonds in the world, with a weight of 3,106.75 carats. It was discovered in the Premier Mine in South Africa in 1905 and was named after Thomas Cullinan, the mine's owner.
After being bought by the Transvaal Colony government, the diamond was eventually presented to King Edward VII as a gift. It was then cut into several smaller gems, including the Great Star of Africa, which weighs 530.20 carats and is set in the Sovereign's Scepter, and the Lesser Star of Africa, which weighs 317.40 carats and is set in the Imperial State Crown.
The Cullinan Diamond is famous for its exceptional size and the high quality of the gems cut from it. It is a type IIa diamond, which is the purest type of diamond, and is considered to be among the most valuable diamonds in the world.
In addition to its historical and cultural significance, the Cullinan Diamond is also known for its remarkable clarity and fire, making it one of the most prized and recognizable gems in the world.
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